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American Crayon Co.
Sandusky, OH
1835 - 1957

 

Aliases and Other Company Names

 

Parmenter Crayon Co. 1835 - 1890

Western School Supply Co. 1865 - 1890

Tiffin Crayon Co. Unknown - 1890

American Crayon Co. 1890 - 1957

American Crayon Co. (a subsidiery of Joseph Dixon Crucible Co.) 1957 - 1983

Dixon Ticonderogo Company (a merger of Bryn Mawr Corporation and Joseph Dixon Crucible Co. 1983 Present)

Sandusky Crayon Co. (part of the merger in 1890 but then later reformed as a separate independent company in 1902)

 

Locations

 

Waltham, MA 1835 - 1919

Sandusky, OH 1865 - 2002

Jersey City, NJ 1957 - 1985

Vero Beach, FL 1985 - 1990

Maitland, FL 1990 - 1995

Heathrow, FL 1995 - current

 

History

 

The American Crayon Company formed the name as a merger from several older companies in 1890. The Parmenter Crayon Co. in Walthrop, MA began in 1835 making white chalk and the Western School Supply Co. began in Sandusky, OH around 1865; also making chalk. They joined forced with Tiffin Crayon Co. which had suffered a fire earlier and became American Crayon Co. They headquartered out of Sandusky, OH and used the old Western School Supply facilities until they burned down in 1901. A new factory was built within the year to replace it.

 

In 1902 they moved into wax crayon products with their first ever catalog featuring a dozen different boxes and wooden containers. It is unclear who influenced their transition over to wax based crayons. Charles M. Bowley, founder of Standard Crayon Co. in 1895, is purported to have played that role and may have even designed their original product line. He eventually became an associate of American Crayon in 1907.

 

1904 American Surprise No 96 Ad w pic (Waldens Stationer Vol 21-22).jpg

 

American Crayon was one of only a small number of companies that were allowed to use the word "American" on their products and had a prominent "A" logo on nearly all of their crayon products from 1902 up until 1918 when they decided to adopt a new symbol for their company and chose the Old Faithful symbol from Yellowstone Park; a depiction of their ever faithful geyser that would launch steam on a nearly clockwork timeframe.

 

1907 Dec Crayonart Crayonex Pic Ad (Primary Education).jpg

 

American Crayon Company was a bit of a late player in the wax crayon industry as there were other companies like Franklin Mfg. Co and Standard Crayon that had been producing crayons for many years by that time. They quickly launched products like Crayonart, Blendwel and Crayograph in 1907 and then Pastello in 1908. These lines would stay consistent for over 50 years.

 

They competed head-to-head with Binney & Smith's Crayola products; both launching major media campaigns using coloring contests. By the time Leverett Curtis became President in 1910 they were establishing themselves as one of the largest companies in the industry.

 

1910 Apr Crayograph Contest Ad (Oregon Teachers Monthly).jpg

 

In 1919 they expanded and opened an Eastern office in New York City and added a Brooklyn warehouse. Brooklyn at that time was considered one of the core hubs for crayon manufacturers with more than a dozen different crayon companies located in the area.

 

By 1922 American Crayon had grown to the point that they started influencing the art industry through a new publication, "Everyday Art" dedicated to art instruction. They also acquired the rights to the Prang name. Louis Prang was a father of art in education and developed a lot of art material, including crayons. The Prang name continues to this day.

 

1914 Oct American Crayon Ad w pic (Commercial America).jpg

 

The company continued to introduce new product such as Tru-Tone in 1924, ColorArt in 1928, Kindograph in 1929 and Payons in 1937. This trailed off after WWII and by 1952 they were considered as a candidate for a merger with Joseph Dixon Crucible. They put off a decision though until 1957 when they finally merged with Joseph Dixon. Eventually the Dixon Ticonderoga Company formed in 1983 as a merger of Joseph Dixon Crucible and Bryn Mawr Corporation. They headquartered out of Jersey City until 1985 when they moved to Vero Beach, FL. Many of the American Crayon Company's original crayon products continue to the current day and behind Crayola they are considered one of the top two or three crayon manufacturers in the United States. The factory used in Sandusky for 167 years closed in December of 2002 when Dixon Ticonderoga chose to move their factory work to Mexico. While the decision was cost based, the original factory was still a coal-powered facility and with the heating and maintenance, it was having an impact in the cost of production. The factory remained abandoned for years and was finally levelled. It marked the end of an era in Sandusky.

 

Known Crayon Boxes

 

1-100, 101-200, 201-300, 301-400 304

 

 

Product Name

ID

Box

Colors

Crayons

Box Color

Design

Variation

Years

Rarity

Value

Aladdin Play Set

AMC0269

LID

16

16

Blue,Green

Multiline border

Aladdin with lion leading search

1930s

8

$70

American

AMC0008

HBT

8

8

Blue

OF

Raised vertical stripes in tin, bluish

1930s

7

$15

American

AMC0201

LID

1

12

Red

OF

Line border, black text

1920s

5

$7

American

AMC0108

LID

12

12

Tan

American Logo

Drawing Crayons, red hue and text

1910-1917

9

$60

American

AMC0001

LID

12

12

Green

Border, OF

Industrial Crayons, Old Faithful logo

1920-1940

4

$10

American

AMC0005

LID

12

12

Red, Yellow

Double line border

Different colored boxes for crayon color

1940s

3

$5

American

AMC0214

LID

12

12

Red, White

Double line border

OF

1950s

3

$5

American Banner No 200

AMC0119

UC

6

6

Unknown

Large Shield

American TM logo, Stars/Stripes shield

1902-1912

10

$50

American Brownie No 70

AMC0120

ST

28

28

Unknown

Brownies

10 little people drawing on front

1902-1912

10

$120

American Brownie No 80

AMC0121

TFT

12

12

Unknown

Brownie

Little person standing inside the "C"

1902-1912

10

$100

American Brownie No 90

AMC0122

TFT

7

7

Unknown

Brownie

Little person standing inside the "C"

1902-1912

10

$100

American Brownie No 128

AMC0193

WC

14

14

Brown

A logo, Brownie

Brown, "Brownie" in red

1910s

9

$100

American Brownie Wax No 120

AMC0123

WC

14

14

Unknown

Brownie

Wax School

1902-1912

10

$100

American Buckeye School

AMC0124

WC

14

14

Unknown

A logo

American TM logo

1902-1912

10

$75

American Crayon Gift Box

AMC0271

LID

80

80

Black,White

Mock crayon tips

Sharpener Included

1960s

7

$15

American Date No 320

AMC0125

WC

28

28

Unknown

A logo

Ornate border top and bottom

1902-1912

10

$75

American Drawing

AMC0211

HS

7

7

Tan

A logo

Fancy line border

1902-1912

9

$75

American Electric 60

AMC0252

TFT

7

7

Tan

3 Windows

Red text at an angle

1910-1920

9

$40

American Electric Drawing No 40

AMC0126

ST

7

7

White

Bow tie name

3D-ish depth design

1902-1912

9

$75

American Electric Drawing No 60

AMC0127

ST

12

12

Gray,Red

Bow tie name

3D-ish depth design

1902-1912

9

$75

American Enterprise No 330

AMC0209

HS

28

28

Brown

A logo

Underline E, 3D lettering

1910s

8

$40

American Leader

AMC0253

WC

9

9

Unknown

A logo

Line border, A logo in middle

1920s

9

$70

American Lilliputian

AMC0251

TFT

28

28

White

A logo

Ornate scrollwork

1900s

9

$120

American Lumber

AMC0236

LID

1

12

Red,Orange

OF

Generic text, small OF

1920s

8

$10

American Marking

AMC0003

LID

8

8

Blue,Yellow

OF

Blue/Gold Box, Old Fauthful upper left

1950s

7

$10

American Matchless No 14

AMC0210

HS

10

10

Tan

A logo

Ornate lettering, border

1910s

9

$25

American Metalmark

AMC0232

ST

1

12

Tan

OF

Line border, small OF

1920s

9

$10

American No 7

AMC0002

TFT

8

8

Brown

Line border, OF

Brown Box, white lettering, Old Faithful

1930s

5

$8

American No 8

AMC0134

TFT

8

8

Unknown

Line border, OF

Old Faithful logo, "8" above logo

1930s

10

$10

American No 9

AMC0118

TFT

8

8

Blue

Line border, OF

Old Faithful logo, "9" above logo

1930s

5

$8

American No 10

AMC0213

TFT

6

6

White,Blue

Bow tie name

Smile window

1910s

8

$20

American No 30

AMC0129

ST

14

14

Unknown

Large Shield

"Special", Star/Stripes shield

1902-1912

10

$50

American No 41

AMC0004

VS

8

8

Brown

Line border, OF

Brown Box, Old Faithful logo, New York

1930s

8

$10

American No 41

AMC0130

VS

8

8

Unknown

Line border, OF

Brown Box, Old Faithful logo, Waltham

1930s

10

$10

American No 42

AMC0006

HBT

8

8

Dark Green

OF

Raised vertical stripes in tin, brownish

1930s

4

$10

American No 45

AMC0133

VS

8

8

Unknown

Line border, OF

Old Faithful logo, line rectangle border

1930s

10

$10

American No 91

AMC0135

ST

7

7

Unknown

Line border

"American", deep cut for flap tuck

1910s

10

$30

American No 97

AMC0136

TFT

16

16

Unknown

A logo

American logo upper left, 2 banners

1910s

10

$30

American No 339

AMC0009

WC

7

7

Red

A logo

New Era School crayons

1910s

9

$100

American No 442

AMC0131

TFT

16

16

Unknown

Small OF

"Old Faithful Crayons", Old Faithful logo

1930s

10

$10

American No 443

AMC0007

HBT

8

8

Green/Blue

OF

Raised vertical stripes in tin,  bluish

1930s

4

$10

American No 444

AMC0132

VS

8

8

Unknown

Line border, OF

"The Old Faithful", Old Faithful logo

1930s

10

$10

American No 1043

AMC0128

LID

21

21

Unknown

Small OF

"The Old Faithful", Old Faithful logo

1930s

10

$15

American Pastello No 1042

AMC0300

HS

20

20

Green

Double line border

White text, man painting outside at bottom

1910s

9

$40

American Pastello No 1047

AMC0215

HS

16

16

Unknown

A logo, Drawing

Referred as pencils

1910s

10

$50

American Pride

AMC0137

TFT

8

8

Unknown

Diamond Window

Diamond shaped window

1920s

10

$20

American Ruby No 350

AMC0138

WC

28

28

Tan

Line border

Line border above and below

1910s

10

$75

American School and Artist No 67

AMC0259

TFT

12

12

White

A logo

Line border, shield

1910s

9

$40

American School Drawing

AMC0010

HS

14

14

White

A logo, 4 shields

American Logo, 4 "flag" shields

1902-1917

9

$40

American Special No 70

AMC0139

TFT

7

7

Unknown

Shield,Crayon

American Logo, "flag" shield, crayon

1910s

10

$30

American Standard No 3

AMC0140

TFT

3

3

Unknown

Half Penny

Squiggle line at top, line border

1910s

10

$25

American Surprise No 96

AMC0105

TFT

9

9

White,Red

4 windows

Red/White, 4 windows making an "X"

1910s-1920s

6

$20

American Surprise No 96

AMC0175

TFT

9

9

White,Red

4 windows

Red/White, 4 windows..., No "Crayons"

1920s

7

$20

American Surprise No 96

AMC0109

TFT

9

9

White,Red

No windows

Red box, white lettering, ornate touches

1910s-1920s

6

$20

American Surprise No 96

AMC0216

TFT

9

9

White,Red

No windows

Line scrolling

1920s

10

$20

American Waxo No 29

AMC0141

TFT

18

18

Red

Line border

School Crayons, white lettering

1910s

8

$30

Art Education No 2

AMC0255

TFT

8

8

Tan

Line border

Prang with OF drawn logo

1920s

8

$15

Avenue of Flags

AMC0272

LID

17

17

Yellow

Flags

Inset photo of rows of flags

1940s

8

$40

Blendwel

AMC0011

TFT

6

6

Green,Yellow

Window,circle

Green box, window, 5 cent tab

1970s

3

$5

Blendwel

AMC0204

TFT

8

8

Green,Yellow

Circle

Green box, New Haven Railroad promo

1970s

9

$7

Blendwel

AMC0012

TFT

8

8

Blue

Arch window

Reversed arch window, blue

1960s

5

$3

Blendwel

AMC0013

TFT

8

8

Red,Blue

Arch window

Reversed arch window, red

1960s

2

$3

Blendwel

AMC0014

TFT

8

8

Red,Blue

OF,Angles

Red/Blue box

1950s

3

$5

Blendwel

AMC0028

TFT

8

8

Blue,Lt Blue

Window

Star, columns

1950s

8

$12

Blendwel

AMC0015

TFT

12

12

Green,Yellow

Window, circle

Green box, window, 10 cent tab

1970s

3

$5

Blendwel

AMC0173

TFT

12

12

Green,Yellow

Window, circle

Green box, single depth, 10 cent tab

1970s

3

$5

Blendwel

AMC0022

TFT

12

12

White, Red

Red oval logo

White box, children on ladder

1960s

7

$10

Blendwel

AMC0270

TT

12

12

White, Red

Red oval logo, wide

White box, children on ladder

1960s

7

$10

Blendwel

AMC0016

TFT

16

16

Green,Yellow

Window,circle

Green box, window, 10 cent tab

1970s

4

$5

Blendwel

AMC0017

TFT

16

16

Green,Yellow

Double window

Green box, two windows

1970s

6

$10

Blendwel

AMC0273

TFT

16

16

Red, Blue

OF logo

Blue banner at bottom, angled noir design

1950s

5

$7

Blendwel

AMC0018

TFT

16

16

Red, Blue

Seesaw window

Red box, arched windows

1960s

3

$5

Blendwel

AMC0019

TFT

16

16

Red, Blue

WWII plane,jeep

Red box, arched windows, WWII theme

1941-1944

7

$30

Blendwel

AMC0278

TFT

16

16

Blue,Red

Space scene

Red banner below, kids riding a rocket

1950s

7

$25

Blendwel

AMC0020

TFT

16

16

Blue, Red

Seesaw window

Blue box, arched window, vehicles theme

1950s

6

$20

Blendwel

AMC0258

TT

32

32

White,Red

Red oval logo

Kid, 2 windows below

1950s

8

$25

Blendwel

AMC0275

TFT

40

40

Green,Yellow

Window

Red 40 on flap

1960s

7

$15

Blendwel

AMC0021

TFT

60

60

White, Red

Red oval logo

White box, children on ladder

1960s

5

$15

Blendwel

AMC0106

TFT

60

60

Green,Yellow

Two windows

Green box, two windows, "Multipack"

1960s

4

$10

Blendwel

AMC0144

TFT

60

60

Blue,Yellow

Two windows

Blue box, two windows, "Multipack"

1960s

4

$10

Blendwel

AMC0110

TFT

16

16

Blue Gray

Banner below

Gray box, Old Faithful log, black band logo

1950s

7

$12

Blendwel

AMC0218

TFT

8

8

Blue

Rocket Window

New Rocket Red Fluorescent color

1970s

9

$15

Blendwel

AMC0219

HP

24

24

Red

Clear plastic

Crayons standing up around base

1960s

8

$15

Blendwel Coloring Set 543

AMC0274

LID

8

8

Red

Border

Mom & two kids around table

1940s

9

$30

Blendwel Enlarged

AMC0254

LID

8

8

Multicolor

Scene

Lion

Unknown

9

$30

Blendwel Giants

AMC0194

TFT

10

10

Yellow,Green

Window circle

Green box, two windows

1970s

9

$10

Blendwel Hexagon

AMC0023

HBT

16

16

Blue, Black

Fanned crayons

Nine crayons fanned out on lid

1940s

3

$10

Blendwel Large Wipe-Off

AMC0276

TFT

8

8

White

Red oval logo

2 kids with large crayon on ladder

1960s

6

$10

Blendwel No 30 Wax

AMC0107

TFT

8

8

Blue,White

Telescoping text

Blue Box, white lettering, No 30 below

1950s

4

$5

Blendwel No 30 Wax

AMC0277

TFT

8

8

Blue,White

Telescoping text

Blue Box, white lettering, No 30 below, Kroma

1950s

4

$5

Blendwel No 30 Wax

AMC0027

TFT

8

8

Blue,White

Telescoping text

Blue Box, white lettering, No 30 on flap

1950s

3

$3

Blendwel No 30 Wax

AMC0259

TFT

8

8

Brown

Telescoping text

Brown Box, white lettering, No 30 below flap

1950s

3

$3

Blendwel No 305 Wax

AMC0024

TFT

8

8

Blue

Telescoping text

Blue Box, white lettering

1950s

5

$5

Blendwel No 306

AMC0174

TT

6

6

White

Red Oval

Kids with crayon on ladder

1960s

7

$5

Blendwel No 3014 Wax

AMC0025

TFT

14

14

Blue

Telescoping text

Blue Box, white lettering

1950s

4

$3

Blendwel No 3030

AMC0181

TFT

16

16

Blue

Telescoping text

Blue Box, white lettering, window

1950s

4

$3

Blendwel Wax

AMC0026

TFT

16

16

Blue,White

Telescoping text

Blue Box, rectangular window, Kroma

1950s

4

$5

Blondie

AMC0111

TFT

52

52

Red

Two windows

Red box, Blondie bottom, Dagwood Top

1950s

7

$30

Circus Coloring Set No 553

AMC0217

LID

8

8

Multi

Circus ring

Clowns and horse in circus ring

1920s

8

$30

Circus Coloring Set

AMC0220

LID

8

8

Multi

Parade

An outdoor parade of characters

1930s

9

$30

Crayarto B5

AMC0030

TFT

8

8

Yellow,Green

Telescoping text

Overlapping design, OI, B5 on flap

1950s

7

$15

Crayograph

AMC0032

TFT

8

8

Blue,Black

OF

Blue/Black; Old Faithful logo

1960s

2

$3

Crayograph

AMC0033

TFT

8

8

Blue,Black

OF, CP

Blue/Black; Old Faithful & CP logos

1960s

2

$3

Crayograph

AMC0034

TFT

12

12

Blue,Black

OF,CP

Blue/Black; Old Faithful & CP logos

1960s

2

$3

Crayograph

AMC0295

LID

24

24

Blue,Orange

OF

Orange border, red lettering

1930s

7

$10

Crayograph No 7

AMC0035

TFT

8

8

Brown

Bow tie name

Brown Box, white lettering

1920s

5

$10

Crayograph No 9

AMC0036

TFT

8

8

Green

Bow tie name

Green box

1920s

5

$10

Crayograph No 9

AMC0037

TFT

8

8

Blue,Orange

Orange Border

Blue box, orange border, 9 middle

1950s

3

$4

Crayograph No 19

AMC0038

TFT

8

8

Red

Bow tie name

Red box, black lettering

1910s

9

$40

Crayograph No 19

AMC0171

TFT

8

8

Blue

White border

Blue Box, 2 lines below cities

1930s

8

$10

Crayograph No 19

AMC0083

TFT

8

8

Blue,Orange

Orange Border

Blue Box, 1 line below cities

1950s

3

$4

Crayograph No 19

AMC0039

TFT

8

8

Blue,Black

OF

Blue/Black box, Old Faithful logo, 19 on flap

1960s

10

$5

Crayograph No 19

AMC0279

TFT

8

8

Blue,Black

OF

Blue/Black box, Old Faithful logo, 19 on flap, CP

1960s

8

$5

Crayograph No 19-8

AMC0029

TFT

8

8

Blue

OF

Blue/Black box, OF logo, 19-8 on flap

1950s

8

$5

Crayograph No 25

AMC0145

VS

7

7

Red, Yellow

Bow tie name

White/Black lettering, multiple borders

1910s

9

$30

Crayograph No 26

AMC0146

VS

6

6

Unknown

Bow tie name

"Hydraulic Pressed", white lettering

1920s

10

$30

Crayograph No 43

AMC0147

HB

25

25

Unknown

Bow tie name

Bow Tie name, Trade Mark

1920s

10

$30

Crayograph No 44

AMC0148

TFT

4

4

Unknown

Bow tie name

"Solid Pressed", Bow Tie name

1920s

10

$20

Crayograph No 45

AMC0280

VS

8

8

Unknown

Ornate border

4 sections of text

1920s

9

$30

Crayograph No 45

AMC0221

VS

8

8

Tan,Brown

Bow tie name

No 45 above

1920s

9

$20

Crayograph No 45

AMC0178

LID

8

8

Blue

White border

Blue, red&white lettering, white border

1960s

3

$3

Crayograph No 1025

AMC0198

LID

12

12

Black,Orange

Orange border

Bowtie name

1910s

9

$30

Crayograph No 1025

AMC0197

LID

12

12

Blue

White border

Red name

1930s

8

$20

Crayograph No 1025

AMC0143

HS

12

12

Dark Red

Bow tie name

Bow Tie name

1910s

9

$30

Crayograph Pressed

AMC0113

LID

8

8

Blue

Black banner

Blue box, black "Crayograph" band

1970s

3

$2

Crayonart

AMC0222

LID

16

16

Red,Yellow

Long Y

Large 16, Red script font

1950s

9

$10

Crayonart Style A

AMC0149

TFT

8

8

Unknown

Underline C

"C" underlines name, black lettering

1930s

10

$20

Crayonart Style A

AMC0040

TFT

8

8

Tan,Brown

Underline C

Brown box, white lettering

1930s

8

$20

Crayonart Style C

AMC0223

VS

8

8

Red

Underline C

Gold lettering, ornate border

1910s

9

$30

Crayonart Style G

AMC0041

TFT

16

16

Brown,Orange

Underline C

Brown & orange box, white lettering

1930s

8

$20

Crayonart Tin

AMC0042

HBT

16

16

Blue

Fanned crayons

Nine crayons fanned out on lid

1940s

4

$10

Crayonette No 9

AMC0206

TFT

8

8

Green

Double line border

Green box, yellow/white lettering

1930s

9

$15

Crayonex

AMC0167

TFT

8

8

Green

Logo

Crayonex logo only, Prang on flap

1920s

10

$20

Crayonex

AMC0282

TFT

16

16

Black,White

Mock crayon tips

The Colouring System (Canada)

1970s

7

$7

Crayonex Crayons Refills

AMC0086

ST

12

12

White

Black txt, OF, CP

White box, black lettering, CP logo

1960s

6

$7

Crayonex GE

AMC0053

TFT

6

6

Brown

GE logo

Brown, GE logo in center, 6 holes

1960s

4

$7

Crayonex No 3

AMC0168

TFT

8

8

Green

Logo

Crayonex logo, "Eight colors", no on flap

1930s

7

$10

Crayonex No 3

AMC0054

TFT

8

8

Green

Bullseye logo

Blue, Orange/White lettering, orange band

1920s

6

$15

Crayonex No 3

AMC0080

TFT

8

8

Black

Red wings logo

Black, Prang logo upper left

1960s

3

$3

Crayonex No 3

AMC0169

TFT

8

8

Blue,Orange

Orange border

Ornate border, 3 on flap and belo name

1950s

10

$5

Crayonex No 3

AMC0045

TFT

8

8

Black